SOURCE: Jolivette, Andrew. 2006. Cultural Representation in Native America. (Lan

SOURCE: Jolivette, Andrew. 2006. Cultural Representation in Native America. (Lanham: AltaMira Press).
1. According to chapter 5, Who is Ralph Engelstad and what role did he play in the Fighting Sioux mascot controversy at the University of North Dakota? What is the history of the mascot at UND? What does LaDuke suggest about the geographic/regional context of North Dakota that might make it a region more susceptible to having Indian mascots?
2. According to Melissa Nelson in chapter 7, why is oral tradition/history so important to cultural preservation and revitalization in American Indian communities? What are some of the challenges of using the term ‘traditional’ according to Nelson? What is the Cultural Conservancy and what role did this organization have in working with the Kaibab (Southern) Paiute tribe? Who are Vivienne Jake and Matt Leivas and how/why are they involved in the Salt Song Project?
3. According to Norma Alarcon in chapter 9, when and how did the term Chicano emerge in the United States? How have Chicanas/os found that even this term of self-identification has limitations (see for example the poem by Gloria Anzaldua)? According to chapter 9 how are Mexican Americans/Chicanos/as still challenged by being in the U.S., but being descendants of Native ancestors from Mexico? Why do you think Alarcon uses the term in the “Tracks of The Native woman? Do you think Latinos/Latinx people should be counted as American Indians on the U.S. Census? Why or Why not?
4. According to chapter 12 how have indigenous people/American Indians been written out of the history of Louisiana Creoles? According to chapter 12, what do the findings of the survey on contemporary Creole self-identification suggest about the inclusion of American Indian identity in definitions of the Creole community today? According to chapter 12 how have Creoles dealt with identity politics and racism? Please give detailed examples/citations from the essay. How have Creoles worked to preserve their cultural identity as both Creole and American Indian? Please be specific and give examples.

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