Case Study 2: A 38 year old female with a past medical history of significant fo

Case Study 2: A 38 year old female with a past medical history of significant for lupus erythematosus (SLE) and hypertension, presents to her Primary Care Physician (PCP) for a wellness visit. On physical exam, she is in no distress, VS BP 160/80mmHg (normal takes metoprolol and lisinopril but forgets from time to time) HR 80bpm RR 20/min. Laboratory results show Hgb 14g/dl, WBC 5.0k, Platelets 160K, Cr. 1.80, eGFR 48ml/min. She denies fevers, chills. Denies diarrhea.
The patient is concerned about her elevated Cr and ask the PCP a few questions.
Q1: Compare the etiology of Acute and Chronic Kidney Disease?
Q2: Describe the mechanism for Acute Kidney Injury in Acute Tubular Necrosis.
Q3. List all nephrotoxic agents and discuss how they affect the kidney function.

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