Below are the sources for my literature review that I want to include; please su

Below are the sources for my literature review that I want to include; please summarize and paraphrase the descriptions for it to reach 550 words. I want the paragraphs to be under the heading “Self-esteem” and under it will be the subheading “Beauty procedures.” In “Beauty procedures,” it should show the connection of how self-esteem leads to cosmetic procedures. In addition, it should show the influence of Snapchat filters on cosmetic procedures.
According to Ramphul and Mejias (2018), several surgeons have pointed out encountering young women who have asked to look like their “filtered” Snapchat photo. A filtered photo is a term used to describe the alteration of a picture. When a person takes a picture on Snapchat, there are different filters users can choose from. Some filters on Snapchat are funny while others change the appearance of the users’ face, making their face look flawless with no imperfections. There is a new term that emerged in discussing the impact of Snapchat filters called Snapchat dysmorphia. Snapchat dysmorphia can be defined as a person’s desire to look identical to their filtered photo (Ramphul & Mejias, 2018, p. 1)
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5933578/
Authors of a study published by JAMA Facial Plastic Surgery found photo-editing apps like Snapchat are to blame for the level of “perfection” the filter selfies achieve. The article explains that instead of bringing in pictures of celebrities, people are bringing in their “filtered” selfies so they can be the “perfect” version of themselves. The trend is “alarming,” the researchers emphasize, because filtered selfies often show “an unattainable look and are blurring the line of reality and fantasy for these patients” (May, 2018, p. 12).
https://www.usatoday.com/story/tech/nation-now/2018/08/06/snapchat-dysmorphia-plastic-surgery-jama/914566002/
Approximately 10 to 15 years ago, filters and photo editing tools were used by photographers and magazine outlets to alter a model’s photographs. Today, everyone has the ability to access these photo editing tools to use on their own pictures. As these filtered images become the norm, “people’s perceptions of beauty worldwide are changing, which can take a toll on a person’s self-esteem and can cause body 19 dysmorphic disorder (BDD), argue researchers”
https://www.theguardian.com/technology/2018/aug/08/snapchat-surgery-doctors-report-rise-in-patient-requests-to-look-filtered
With social media becoming more popular each day, Snapchat dysmorphia is becoming a more common trend, and plastic surgeons are seeing an increase in patients wanting to look like their filtered photo. Studies have found that the more a person is on social media, the more likely they are to want to get cosmetic procedures done. “Those who use social media more will show a higher desire for cosmetic surgery than those who use it less. Additionally, body dissatisfaction has been found to influence attitudes towards cosmetic surgery
https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/31444894/
In February 2020, the American Academy of Facial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery released its annual survey outcomes, which spotlights the previous year’s most impactful statistics and trends in aesthetics. “ this year’s results reveal that 2019 was a stand-out year for the selfie with a full 72% of AAFPRS members reporting patients seeking cosmetic procedures to look better for their selfies – up 15% from 2018”
In 2019, “74% of facial plastic surgeons reported an increase in minimally invasive procedures (neurotoxins, fillers, skin treatments) in patients under age 30. In fact, this year’s survey revealed a 32% increase in this category since 2016” (“American Academy of Facial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Inc,” 2020, para. 6).
https://www.aafprs.org/Media/Press_Releases/Selfies%20Endure%20February%2027,%202020.aspx
In addition to cosmetic procedures, experts say there is a direct link between social media filters and lower self-esteem, self-confidence, and higher cases of body dysmorphia. v.
“People begin to expect themselves to look like their filtered self and can become obsessed with achieving that in the real world, which leaves them depressed, anxious, lonely, and disappointed,” she says.
https://news.yahoo.com/mental-health-impacts-beauty-filters-160000181.html
The pervasiveness of these filtered images can affect self-esteem, make you feel bad that you are not in the real world, and even lead to body dysmorphic disorder (BDD).
The danger of these beautification filters is that they affect both self-image and self-esteem. If you get used to seeing yourself through a distorted image, you can develop a dissociative disorder (in which you no longer recognise yourself in a photograph that has not been retouched) and later a dysmorphophobic disorder (because you cannot keep up with the digital image).
The obsession with fitting into digital beauty can be transferred to the real world in the form of an obsessive disorder, as is the case with the already diagnosed cases of ‘Snapchat dysmorphia.’ The World Health Organisation’s International Classification of Diseases manual defines this type of affliction as a persistent concern for physical defects or imperfections apparently imperceptible to others that cause profound distress in the sufferer.
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Medical journals have dubbed this phenomenon ‘Snapchat dysmorphia’, referring to the first social network to launch the popular digital masks that deform the face in real-time. The first filters allowed you to see yourself with, for example, big, bright eyes and funny dog (or cat) ears. But now, the rhetoric has changed. Today, the most popular ones have become instant beautification tools. A single click allows someone to radically transform the creator’s physiognomy, creating the illusion of bigger eyes, prominent lips, marked cheekbones, and a thin nose. And this is the new standard of digital beauty with which reality competes.
https://medium.com/invisible-illness/social-media-filters-adversely-affect-our-mental-health-3eec79db6383
Dr. Yagoda, a plastic surgeon, told the Huffington Post that he had observed many of his clients describing their desired changes, which corresponded to what the filters on these two applications could provide [3]. This claim was also supported by another plastic surgeon, Dr. Schulman. Renee Engeln, Professor of Psychology at Northwestern University, has also pointed out that the common man is losing perspectives on what he/she actually looks like due to these two social media applications [4]. The term “Snapchat Dysmorphia” was thus brought to life.
Another article published by The Independent reported a case whereby a plastic surgeon was requested to make a patient exactly like one of her “filtered” pictures. Dr. Esho politely declined and offered the patient some counseling help, which she eventually took.
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5933578/
Australian cosmetic practitioners are not required to report on their number of procedures — the best guide is figures from the United States, where the average age for cosmetic surgery keeps getting younger. Botox and fillers are growing in popularity, as well as tummy tucks, liposuction and breast augmentation. More than half of American Academy of Facial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery surgeons say patients’ motivation was to look better in selfies, up from just 13 per cent in 2016.
“I don’t think there’s any reason for us to think that we wouldn’t be similar,” Dr Sharp said.
The Australasian College of Cosmetic Surgeons provided Hack with an estimate of the growth in the most popular cosmetic procedures in Australia, based on global trends. Over four years to 2019, the number of anti-wrinkle injection procedures (including Botox) has increased by 63 per cent, the number of fillers by 22 per cent, and laser skin treatment by 10 per cent
https://www.abc.net.au/triplej/programs/hack/snapchat-dysmorphia-from-selfie-filters-driving-cosmetic-surgery/12051184

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