According to Howell and Griffiths (2019), “Between 1996 and 2009, the average nu

According to Howell and Griffiths (2019), “Between 1996 and 2009, the average number of active gangs
ranged from a low of 16.73 (in 2005) to a high of 23.33 (in 2001) across all [U.S.] jurisdictions. However,
the very largest [U.S.] cities report the greatest number of different gangs, on average. Moreover, trends
in the average number of gangs reported by law enforcement vary by city-size … The very largest [U.S.]
cities are also home to greatest number of active gang members” (pp. 219-220).
For this assignment, you are asked to investigate street gangs in one of the 100 largest cities in the
United States except for New York City, Los Angeles, and Chicago. Students may not select one of top 3
largest U.S. cities because they are highlighted throughout the required textbook for the course. Also,
the communities reviewed in Chapter 8 of Gangs in America’s Communities are also off limits. These
include Abilene, TX, Boise, ID, Springfield, MA, Paterson, NJ, and Inglewood, CA. Please see the
supplementary Excel file from the U.S. Census that enumerates the 100 largest U.S. cities and claim one
on the Discussion Board by 11:59 PM on Friday, February 25, 2022. Students are not allowed to select
the same U.S. city for their Course Project. It is first come, first claim. There are two parts to the Course
Project for CJCR-3230.
Part I: City Profile
When writing up the City Profile, please consult the supplementary document, “Social/Community
Profile Indicators” by T.L. Whitehead, Ph.D. Your description of the city under investigation should
include the following EICCARS Social/Community Profiles arranged as profile subsections in your project:
1. Geographic Profile (EICCARS Social/Community Profile #1)
2. Historical Profile (EICCARS Social/Community Profile #16)
3. Demographic Profile (EICCARS Social/Community Profile #2)
4. Economic Profile (EICCARS Social/Community Profile #3)
5. Educational Profile (EICCARS Social/Community Profile #4)
6. Housing or Human Ecology Profile (EICCARS Social/Community Profile #5)
7. Cultural Profile (EICCARS Social/Community Profiles 11 & 13)
Each of the previous subsections should range between one-half and one typed page for a total of 4-7
pages; please do not exceed 8 double-spaced typed pages for Part I of the Course Project. The Course
Project must be formatted to the guidelines of a student paper in the American Psychological
Association’s Publication Manual (7th edition).

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